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Author Guidelines

Afrimedic Journal is an open access journal with the purpose of promoting clinical and academic excellence in Medicine and Dentistry. It is available in print and online versions. The journal considers for publication any original work that advances or illuminates medical science or practice. We welcome contributions from basic and clinical medical sciences as well as dentistry.

Authors are advised to have their manuscripts pre-reviewed by a colleague preferably from the same clinical specialty.

Contributions may be in the form of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications and letters to the editor. The AJ will also publish articles on socio-economic, political and legal matters related to medical practice, conference and workshop reports and medical news.

Authors submitting articles to Afrimedic Journal do so with the understanding that these articles have not been previously published, or are not under consideration for publication anywhere else in the same or similar form.



Authorship of an article should be based on the following:

  1. Substantial contribution to the conceptualization, design, data collection, analysis and interpretation.
  2. Drafting and/or critical revision of the article for important intellectual content.
  3. Approval of the final version to be published.
  4. Accountability for all aspects of the work, ensuring that all issues related to the accuracy and integrity of the article are properly addressed.

Further information can be obtained from the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), at

Conflict of Interest

Authors and reviewers are required to disclose all financial and personal connections that may constitute a conflict of interest. More information can be obtained from the Council of Science Editors’ (CSE) white paper on promoting integrity in scientific journal publications, 2012 update at

Ethical consideration

All manuscripts reporting experiments on human subjects should be accompanied by a statement in the methods section that all authors have complied with the requirements of the ethics committee of the institution in which the work was done.

Information that may identify a patient will not be published in any form unless such information is essential, and the patient (or parent or guardian) has given written informed consent for such publication. If full-face photographs are to be used, such photographs must be accompanied by a signed or thumb printed informed consent of the subject.

Animal experimentation must also follow institution’s guidelines and/or national laws in the use of laboratory animals in research.

For randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the registration number of the trial and the name of the trial registry are required.

For further information, refer to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).


Acknowledgements of general support, grants, technical assistance should be indicated. Authors are responsible for obtaining the consent of those acknowledged.

Manuscript Format

  • Manuscripts should be written in British (UK) English
  • Manuscripts should be in .doc or .docx or RTF format. The text should be typewritten with double line spacing, font 12 Times New Roman, with 2.5cm margins from each edge on one side of a white A4 paper.
  • Abbreviations should be spelt out when initially used, and thereafter consistently used.
  • AJ uses the International System of Units (SI). Temperature should be in degrees Celsius, blood pressure should be in millimeters of mercury, haemoglobin as g/dl
  • International, non-proprietary (generic) names for drugs are preferred.


A manuscript should be divided into these sections; with each section beginning on a new page:

  1. 1.     Title page

This page should contain the following information:

a)     Title of the paper (this should be concise, informative and devoid of abbreviations)

b)     Author information: Surname(s) and two initials of the author(s) and up to two academic degrees, institutions of the authors and the phone number and address (including e-mail) of the corresponding author.

c)     Source(s) of support including grants, equipment and drugs.

d)     Word count for paper text (excluding its abstract, acknowledgements, tables, figures, references). A separate word count for the abstract is required.

e)     Conflict of interest declaration

f)      A note stating that all the authors have read and approved the manuscript for publication. See section on authorship.

  1. 2.     Abstract

This should not exceed 250 words and should accurately reflect the content of the article, emphasizing its important findings and limitations. For original articles, this should be structured into background, objectives, methods, results and conclusion. Abstracts should not include more than 6 key words.

  1. 3.     Main Text

To ensure an unbiased review, the main texts of manuscripts should not bear details such as author(s) name, affiliation or acknowledgements or any such information that will enable identification. Manuscripts that do not comply with the journal’s blinding policy will be simply returned.

  1. Original Articles

This is report of clinical or experimental investigation. It should not exceed 4,000 words (excluding abstract and references) with up to five illustrations/tables. Its abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be structured into background, objectives, methods, results and conclusion; with a maximum of 6 key words. Texts of original articles should be written in sections; introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusions, acknowledgements (if any), tables/figures and references. Introduction: This should be concise and state the background and clear objective of the paper. Methods: This should be clear enough for another researcher to be able to repeat the study. Results: The result should be presented in logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables and illustrations. Emphasize or summarize only important observations. Discussion: This should cover pertinent issues from the introduction and mainly the results. Conclusion: As much as is possible, a relevant conclusion from the results should be stated.

  1. Review Articles

This should be a comprehensive review of a timely, important clinical subject, along with analysis by the author leading to conclusions. It should not exceed 4000 words and should have a structured abstract explaining the review, its importance and the method of sourcing and selecting data. The main text should contain sub-headings.

  1. Case reports and short communications

New/interesting/very rare cases and/or issues can be reported. This should not exceed 1,000 words with a maximum of 2 illustrations and 25 references. Short communications should contain sub-headings. Case reports should have an abstract not exceeding 250 words. Preference will be given to cases that have important clinical lessons.

  1. Letters to the editor

The content may be clinical observations or other matters relevant to medicine or comments on materials published in the AJ. Letters should contain a maximum of 1,000 words, 2 illustrations and/or tables.

  1. Tables and illustrations

Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material. They should be numbered in Roman numeral, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief of each text. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table. Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote.

Illustrations should be sharp and clear, preferably in JPEG format. Authors will be requested to pay for coloured illustration.

  1. 4.     References

References should be Vancouver style and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. A full list of the authors should be written, except when they exceed six (6), in which case six (6) should be given followed by et al.

Journal articles

Author’s name should be followed by the title of the original work, name of the journal abbreviated according to the style of Index Medicus, year of publication, the volume and the first and last page numbers. For example: Mbonu OO. Delayed presentation of torsion of the testis. Niger Prostgrad Med Journal. 2008; 5: 76-78. However, the journals with abbreviations not yet cited in Index Medicus should be written in full. Articles in press are not to be cited.


References to a chapter in a textbook should include the surname and up to two initials of each author, title of the chapter, surname and two initials of each editor of the book, title of the book, edition of the book, place of publication, publisher, year of publication and pages of the chapter. For example: Umeh BU. Preoperative evaluation and postoperative management. In: Berek S, Adashi Y, Hillard PA (eds). Novak’s Gynaecology. 13th edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins, 1999: 543-619.



Authors will be required to pay a processing fee of twenty thousand naira only, or its equivalent upon acceptance of any article for publication. Payments should be made to the AJ account with First Bank of Nigeria Plc, account number: 2014959774. A scanned duplicate copy of the deposit slip should be sent to the editor via e-mail.



Manuscripts should be submitted in EITHER of the following ways:

  1. Through the online submission system of this journal. This has the advantage of allowing authors track the progress of their submissions.
  2. Electronically as an e-mail attachment to cc


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration 

  2. The submission file is in open office, Microsoft word or RTF document file format.
  3. The manuscript is in keeping with the journal’s style and requirements as outlined in the Instructions to Authors section.
  4. ONLY THE TITLE PAGE bears information that can identify the author(s) and/or author’s institution, including the word count, source(s) of funding, conflict of interest and authorship statement
  5. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  6. Cover letter.

Copyright Notice

I/we hereby declare that I/we have participated sufficiently in contributing to the content of this manuscript titled: “………………………………………………………………………………………………………….”  and take responsibility for its contents. I/we have read the manuscript and we believe that the manuscript represents valid work. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my/our authorship has been published or is being considered for publication with any other journal. If requested by the editors, I/we will provide the data or will cooperate fully in obtaining and providing the data upon which the manuscript is based, for examination by the editors.

I/we attest that all financial interests that exist or may be perceived to exist for individual contributors in connection with the content of this manuscript as well as all sources of outside support of the research work have been disclosed in the cover letter.

I/we hereby transfer or assign all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the Afrimedic Journal in the event that such work is published by the Journal. The Afrimedic Journal shall own the work, including:

  1. Copyright;
  2. The right to grant permission to republish the article in whole or in part, with or without fee;
  3. The right to produce preprints or reprints and translate into languages other than English for sale or free distribution;
  4. The right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other mechanical or electronic format.

I/we hereby indemnify the Afrimedic Journal against any claims made by other parties concerning the authorship of the article or rights to publish the article.

We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes or any correspondence with the journal on our behalf and he/she will act as the guarantor for the manuscript on our behalf.

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